Taj Mahal - Agra, Uttar Pradesh

About Taj Mahal: 

A trip to Agra, India is never complete without visiting the world-famous, symbol of eternal love for many, the Taj Mahal. With attracting over millions of visitors every year, the Taj Mahal is recognized as one of the Seven Wonders of the World. The monument, popular for its elegant beauty and Indo-Islamic architecture style, looks more spectacular when white marble shines under the shimmering moonlight. 

Taj Mahal was built under the rule of the Mughal Empire by Emperor Shah Jahan, which started in 1632. The main mausoleum, taking over 16 years, was completed in 1648, and later with the completion of the whole surrounding gardens and buildings, the Taj Mahal was finished in the year 1653.

It was built in the memory of his beloved wife Queen Mumtaz Mahal to keep her mortals remains enshrined. By 1653, a beautiful monument was built completely out of shiny white marble with the help of thousands of craftsmen and artisans, reaching to the height of 561 feet (171 meters). This complex yet magnificent structure was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in the year of 1983 and regarded as the heart of Muslim Arts and Culture.  

Interesting Facts:
  • It is believed that during the making of this monument, Shah Jahan was imprisoned by his son Aurangzeb till his death. After his death, Shah Jahan was buried next to Mumtaz Mahal in the mausoleum, by Aurangzeb himself. 
  • During the construction of the monument, it is said, the raw materials that were being used to build the structure were being transported with the help of thousands of elephants.
  • Taj Mahal is not only famous for its beauty but for the symmetry in architectural elements and the principle of geometry that had been used during its construction. If one may notice, the Taj Mahal looks identical from all four sides and hence creates a mirrored image on each side. 
  • Taj Mahal’s white marble is famous for its color varying throughout the day. It appears pinkish hue when early morning rays reflect from its marble and turn to milky white during the evening. In the moonlight, it reflects and appears golden in color. People suggest that the different reflections of the colors depict the various moods of women, particularly his beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal.

Location: Agra, Uttar Pradesh

Opening Hours and Day:

Taj Mahal opens 30 Minutes before sunrise and closes 30 Minutes before Sunset (Friday Closed)

How to reach:

The city, Agra is well connected to almost every major city of India with the help of railways as well as roadways. It is connected to Delhi and Varanasi by NH-2, to Jaipur by NH-11, and Gwalior by NH-3. Besides these ways, the local airport at Agra, Kheria Airport is connected to Delhi International Airport. The distance from Kheria airport to the Taj Mahal is 9 km.

Entry Fee:

For Indians: 50/- + 200/- (Additional for visiting the main mausoleum) 
For Foreign tourists: 1100/- + 200/- (Additional for visiting the main mausoleum)

Major Highlights:

Interior and Exterior Decorations, Beautiful Gardens, Grand outlying buildings, Night viewing of Taj Mahal under the moonlight

Best time to Visit:

The best time to visit the Taj Mahal is from October to March when the weather is comparatively cooler to other times of the year. 

Food attractions:

Agra is not only famous for its Mughal history and heritage but also for its food:
  • Petha: A very popular and delicious sweet, made from white pumpkin. It is of different flavors and can be found in many different varieties and shapes.
  • Bedhai: A fried bread, puffed up with spicy mashed potatoes, resembling to Kachori, is a typical breakfast of the city. It is can be found in almost every street of Agra.
  • Jalebi: A flavorful dessert, made out of fermented batter which is later fried and then soaked in hot sugar syrup travels straight to your heart.
  • Mughlai Food: Recipes borrowed from the very traditional Mughal Kitchen, Mughlai food stands out for its bold taste and creamy textures.

Major Attraction nearby:

  • Agra Fort: A historical architecture, built in Islamic architecture style in year 1565-1573, is popularly known as the former residence of the Mughal Empire until 1638.
  • Jama Masjid: Famously known as the Friday Mosque, it is located opposite to the Agra Fort
  • Tomb of Akbar the Great: Built in the year 1605-1613, Akbar’s tomb, as the name suggests, is the tomb of Mughal Emperor Akbar and hence is one of the very important Mughal architect. It was built by the Akbar’s son Jahagir.
  • Fatehpur Sikri: Founded by the great Mughal Emperor Akbar. It is known for its color, as it was built predominantly from red sandstones.
  • Once in Agra, there are many monuments and sites representing true essence of the heritage of the Mughal Empire and many rulers. Itmat-ud-daula, Mehtab Bagh, Guru ka Taala,

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